Elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels can be a sign of prostate cancer. It can also indicate noncancerous problems such as prostate enlargement và inflammation. Your healthcare provider will work with you khổng lồ figure out the next steps if you have a high PSA level.
Learn more about the PSA Test, a blood demo to screen for the risk of prostate cancer in men.

What is a prostate-specific antigen (PSA)?

Prostate-specific antigen, or PSA, is a protein produced by the prostate gland. When there’s a problem with the prostate gland, it releases more PSA. High levels of PSA can be a sign of prostate cancer.

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What is considered an elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level?

Researchers haven’t settled on a single normal PSA level. Previously, a cấp độ of 4.0 ng/m
L or higher would lead to more testing, usually a prostate biopsy. During the biopsy, a healthcare provider removes a small sample of prostate tissue to kiểm tra it for cancer.

However, healthcare providers now consider other issues together with the PSA level to decide whether khổng lồ perform a biopsy. Your age, general health, family history and health history factor into the decision.

Does my PSA level determine whether I have prostate cancer?

Your provider looks at two factors related to lớn your PSA:

Your PSA level: A higher level means a higher risk of prostate cancer.A continuous rise: PSA levels that continue khổng lồ rise after two or more tests may mean you have cancer.

But the PSA màn chơi alone doesn’t determine if you have cancer or not. Two men can even have the same PSA levels but different risks of prostate cancer. Và a high PSA màn chơi may reflect prostate problems that aren’t cancer.

What are other risk factors for prostate cancer?

You may be at higher risk for prostate cancer if you:

Are older than 50 years.Are of African-American or Caribbean descent.Have a family history of prostate cancer.Have certain genetic changes that make it more likely prostate cancer will develop.

How common is prostate cancer in men with an elevated PSA level?

Men can have prostate cancer even if they have a normal PSA level. But cancer is more likely with an elevated PSA level. When PSA levels are:

Below 4: 15% chance of prostate cancer.Between 4 và 10 (the borderline range): 25% chance of prostate cancer.Above 10: More than 1/2 chance of having prostate cancer.

Symptoms and Causes

What causes an elevated PSA level?

Prostate cancer is the main cause of an elevated PSA level. But PSA levels increase with age và can reflect different prostate conditions. Other factors that may raise a person’s PSA cấp độ include:

Urinary catheter (tube) placement.

Your healthcare provider will also consider whether your medications affect PSA levels. For example, 5-alpha reductase blockers treat enlarged prostates và will lower PSA levels.

Will elevated PSA cause symptoms?

An elevated PSA cấp độ does not cause symptoms, but it may be a sign of prostate problems lượt thích cancer. If you have any of these symptoms, your provider may want to vày a PSA test:

Difficulty urinating. Frequent urination, including during the night.Slow urine stream.

Diagnosis và Tests

What is the kiểm tra to see if I have elevated PSA?

Healthcare providers use a blood demo to measure PSA levels.

You may have a digital rectal exam (DRE) together with a PSA chạy thử to kiểm tra for signs of prostate cancer. During a DRE, your provider inserts a gloved finger into the rectum to check for bumps or other irregularities.

Depending on the results of your initial test, your provider may want you to repeat the test. PSA levels can change. A second test gives your provider more details about your prostate health.

What happens if my PSA level is elevated?

If you have a high PSA level, you will need ongoing PSA tests and DREs so your provider can look for any changes. If the PSA màn chơi continues lớn increase or if your healthcare provider finds a lump during a DRE, you may need other tests, including:

Transrectal ultrasound and prostate biopsies.Prostate MRI.

A biopsy can tell you definitively if you have prostate cancer. The biopsy results also affect your treatment. For example, if the biopsy shows a lot of cancer cells, you might need more aggressive treatment.

Management & Treatment

How is prostate cancer treated?

Treatment options for prostate cancer include:

High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU).Chemotherapy.

You may continue lớn have PSA màn chơi tests during and after prostate cancer treatment. These tests kiểm tra that the treatment is working.


Who should have regular screening tests for high PSA?

The PSA chạy thử was first developed to lớn observe prostate changes in men who had a history of prostate cancer. Then it became more widely used in the general population as a way to detect và prevent prostate cancer before symptoms developed. But routine screening can find prostate cancers that grow slowly & do not need treatment. Talk to your healthcare provider to see if you should have regular PSA tests.

Outlook / Prognosis

What should I expect if I’m told I have elevated PSA?

If your provider finds an elevated PSA level, you’ll have repeat tests to check your prostate. Many men with elevated PSA levels — even those who have prostate cancer — live long, healthy lives. Prostate cancer may not need treatment, depending on how slowly the tumor is growing. Keep up with your regular appointments and tests so your care team can keep tabs on your health.

What does an elevated PSA cấp độ mean if I’ve had prostate cancer in the past?

If you’ve ever had treatment for prostate cancer, you’ll have regular PSA screenings for the rest of your life. An increasing PSA màn chơi may mean the cancer has returned. Your care team may use other tests, including imaging scans và biopsies, to kiểm tra for signs of cancer. If cancer returns, your team will discuss your treatment options with you.

Living With

How can I best take care of myself if I have elevated PSA?

Regularly visit your healthcare provider for PSA tests & digital rectal exams. If you notice any change in how you feel or function, especially problems with urination, talk khổng lồ your provider.

If I have elevated PSA levels, what should I ask my healthcare provider?

If you have any symptoms of prostate cancer, or if it runs in your family, ask your provider:

Should I have regular tests to check my PSA level?
What can I bởi vì to lower my risk for prostate cancer?
What other tests or monitoring bởi I need?
What are my treatment options if I get prostate cancer?
What other signs or symptoms should I look out for?

A cảnh báo from Cleveland Clinic

An elevated PSA cấp độ can be a sign of prostate cancer, but it doesn’t always mean you have cancer. Your healthcare provider will watch you and do more tests to lớn arrive at a diagnosis. Prostate cancer is often slow-growing và may never become life-threatening. If you have symptoms of prostate problems, such as difficulty urinating, don't hesitate to lớn let your provider know.

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♬ original sound – Mr.Magic

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♬ original sound – Bon Appétit Magazine

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Share your own experience or reaction to lớn a viral mod — people love lớn see honest review and tests before they try, like microwaving a hat full of popcorn or whatever. Here are

Comment what I should try next?